Valuing Equally the Environmental Goods in Rich and Poor Countries in a Post-Kyoto World
Year: 2013 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 73-99
Abstract: The optimal pollution abatement levels are found by maximizing global social welfare in a permits trade system under the constraint that environmental goods are evaluated equally in rich and poor countries. Evaluating equally environmental goods in poor and rich countries makes possible to build a relation between the income elasticity of marginal utility e and the inequality aversion parameter gamma (Fankhauser et al. 1997; Johansson-Stenman 2000), which narrows the variation of e for a particular value of gamma. As a result, smaller variation for optimal abatement levels is obtained, which allows to inspect what Post-Kyoto abatement levels for poor and rich countries respect the requirement of evaluating equally the environmental goods in rich and poor countries. One finding is that in a Post-Kyoto world, the optimal abatement levels of poor countries are always different from zero, if we aim to evaluate equally the environmental goods in poor and rich countries. Furthermore, in a permits trade system, if we increase abatement levels continually, it can happen that poor countries have to carry out higher emission reductions than rich ones.
JEL classification: D61, D62, D63
Keywords: Cost-benefit analysis, distributional weights, global warming, welfare theory, integrated assessment modeling
|[PDF]||Print Recommend to others|